69 - Boot over the internet with iPXE
You can use iPXE to boot iSCSI, AoE, TFTP, VLAN and via other protocols too, but here is how to test the HTTP bit.
You might also like to try the netboot.xyz ISO. The netboot menu contains many linux (Live and Install) and other payloads which will automatically download and run from the netboot server (see website for full list).
Other Tutorials you might like:
To test it, you can use RMPrepUSB and test it using QEMU straight away (it seems to work with NAT!). Press F11 in RMPrepUSB to boot from the USB drive and then select the grub4dos ipxe menu you have just added.
When you see the 'Press Ctrl-B' prompt (first one or 2nd one), press CTRL-B quickly to stop it trying to boot from another source.
map /ISO/ipxe.iso (0xff) || map --mem /ISO/ipxe.iso (0xff)
You have now successfully booted to linux over the internet!
Now try it by booting on a real system using exactly the same two commands. You will need an ethernet connection and a router.
Look - no wires!
iPXE does have some WiFi support too!. Unplug the Ethernet cable and try it on a netbook or notebook using the following commands after you hit Ctrl-B:
iwstat - displays status of wireless cards - find your network number - e.g. net0 (if nothing is listed then the correct drivers have not been loaded and you can go no further!)
iwlist - lists network SSIDs and cryptography (WEP/WPA) level
set net0/ssid myssid - use your wireless routers SSID as listed by the iwlist command previously
set net0/key s3cr3t - use your wireless routers WEP/WPA key instead of s3cr3t
dhcp net0 - start dhcp on net0
route - check IP address provided by your dhcp server
chain http://boot.ipxe.org/demo/boot.php - load linux across the internet and boot it
help will list available commands or there is a command reference here.
title netbootme.iso\nnetboot.me http boot iso
map /netbootme.iso (0xff)
Fully automated, no typing required, just boots straight to the menu shown below, works in QEMU too (press F11 in RMPrepUSB to test your USB drive).
netboot.me has no WiFi wireless support (no iwstat or iwlist commands) so you need an Ethernet cable.
BSD - FreeBSD (various) and MirOS bsd4me
Linux - CentOS 5, Debian Lenny 5, Fedora, OpenSUSE 11.1, Ubuntu Jaunty, Karmic 9.10, Lucid
BSD, Linux, Tiny Core Linux 2.2, Micro Core, Slitaz cooking&Stable, MirOS
Memtest86+,Memtest86,Hardware Diagnostic Tool 0.3.4, Gparted Live0.4.5-2, Parted Magic 4.5, Centos 5 Rescue Mode, Karmic x86 Rescue, Smart Boot Manager
Why not create your own version. You can do this by following the instructions here and then try booting it.
title BootKernel.Org BKO gpxe.iso\nBKO boot
map /gpxe.iso (0xff)
Typical menu options:
Debian : Debian live
Ubuntu : 9.04
Damm Small Linux : Lightweight linux distribution with GUI.
Knoppix : Knoppix 5.0.1 English.
Fedora 11 Live CD : Currently only single user mode is working. (Working on complete live CD)
Hard disk utilities
There is also a HowTo article here.